Bengali Cuisine Ingredients

PRODUCTS BENGALI HINDI ENGLISH

MILK PRODUCTS

chhana paneer cottage cheese
doi dahi yogurt
ghee ghee clarified butter
ghole lassi yogurt drink
khoa/kheer khoya thickened milk
payesh kheer rice pudding

CEREALS

atta atta whole wheat flour
bhaat chawal cooked rice
chaler guro chawal atta rice flour
chirey chura, poha flattened or beaten rice
moida maida wheat flour
moori moori puffed rice
sewai sewai vermicelli
siddha chaal ushna chawal parboiled rice
sooji sooji semolina

LENTILS

arhar dal toor/toovar dal split pigeon peas
besan besan chickpea flour
bori bori small sundried cones of lentil paste
kabuli chhola kabuli chana chick peas
chholar dal chana dal bengal gram
kalai/biuli dal urad dal black gram
matar dal matar dal dried peas
munger dal moong dal moong beans or green gram
musurir dal masoor dal red lentil
papar papad poppadum

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alu alu potato
bandha kopi bund gobi cabbage
begun baigan brinjal/aubergine/eggplant
enchor kancha kanthal green jackfruit
gajar gajar carrot
jhingey torai ridged gourd
kanch kala kacha kela green banana/plantain
khosha chhilke peels, scrapings
kochu ghuiyan taro/arum root
korola, ucchey karela bitter gourd/melon
kumro kaddu red pumpkin
lau lauki white/bottle gourd
matarshuti hara matar green peas
mocha kele-ka-phool banana blossom/spadex
moolo mooli daikon/horse radish
neem pata neem patta margosa leaves
ole ole elephant yam
paan paan betle leaf
palang saag palak spinach
phulkopi gobi cauliflower
piaj piaz onion
piaj koli piaz patti spring onion shoots
potol parval/palwal pointed gourd
ranga alu shakarkhand sweet potato
saag saag leafy vegetables
salgam salgam turnip
shosha kheera cucumber
sheem seem broad bean
sorshey saag sarso-ki-saag mustard greens
thor kele-ki-tana white pith of banana plant stem

FRUITS and NUTS

aam aam mango
anaras ananas pineapple
cashew cashew cashew
chine badam mung phali peanut
kala kela banana
kamala lebu santra orange
kancha aam keri/kacha aam unripe/green mango
kanthal kathal jackfruit
kishmish kismis raisin
kool ber Indian plum
lebu nimbu lemon
narkel nariyal coconut
pepey papita papaya [ripe=fruit, unripe=veg]
pesta pista pistachio
peyara amrood guava
tentul imli tamarind

FISH

bhetki bhetki machchi beckti
chingri jhinga prawns/shrimp
gurjali ravas Indian salmon
ilish hilsa machchi hilsa
kankra kakkra crab
koi - climbing perch
maachh machchi fish
maachher dim machchi-ka-anda roe
magur, shinghi, tangra magur, singhi, tangra cat fish
pabda pupta Indian butter fish
parshey boi mullet
rui, mrigel, katla rohu, mirgel, katla carp, buffalo fish
shole shole murrel
topshey topsi mango fish

MEAT and POULTRY

bherar mangsho bheri mutton
chaap chaap rib chop
dim anda egg
gorur mangsho gai-ka-gosht beef
hansh batak duck
keema keema mince/ground meat
khashi khashi fattened castrated goat
mangsho gosht meat
murgi murgh chicken
pantha bakri goat
suwarer mangsho suwar-ka-gosht pork

BREADS

kochuri kachori fried wheat pastry with seasoned filling
luchi luchi puffed fried flour bread
porota paratha thick crispy bread grilled in ghee
pau ruti pau roti loaf bread
ruti chapati unleavened whole wheat flour bread

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ada adrak ginger
boro elach bara elaichi black cardamon
daruchini dalchini cinamon
dhoney dhania coriander seeds
dhoney pata dhania patta cilantro/coriander leaves
(choto) elach elaichi green cardamon
garam mashla garam masala cloves, cinamon, cardamons (and black pepper for the rest of India but not Bengal)
gol morich kala mirch black pepper
halud haldi turmeric
hing hing asafoetida
jaffran zaffran saffron
jaiphal jaiphal nutmeg
jaitri javitri mace
(sada) jeera jeera cumin
jowan, randhuni jwain carom seeds
kala jeera kalonji nigella
kancha lanka hara mirch green chilli
kari pata kari patta curry leaves
labongo lavang cloves
mashla masale spices
mauri saunf aniseed/fennel
methi methi dana fenugreek seeds
noon, laban namak salt
panch phoron panch phoran five spice: aniseed, cumin, fenugreek, mustard and nigella
postho khus khus poppy seeds
pudina pata pudina patti mint leaves
rasoon lasoon garlic
rai sorsey rai sarson mustard seeds
shukno lanka sukha lal mirich red dried chilli
tej pata tej patti bay leaf
til til sesame seed